[alogo] Steiner point of a triangle

The Steiner point of a triangle ABC is the fourth intersection point of the circumcircle of ABC with the outer Steiner ellipse (see Steiner_Ellipse.html ). It is easily constructed using the arguments discussed in ConicsMaclaurin2.html .
For this, consider the shortest side of the triangle, BC say, and draw the tangents to its circumcircle at {B,C} intersecting at A'. Draw also the symmetric A* of A with respect to the middle M of BC and line A'A*, intersecting the sides at {B',C'} correspondingly. The Steiner point S coincides with the intersection point of lines BC' and CB'.

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The result is a special case of the method of finding intersection-points of two conics circumscribing ABC, discussed in TriangleConicsIntersections.html . All lines B'C' pivoting at A' define through the intersection-points of {BC',CB'} points of the circumcircle. Analogously all lines B'C' pivoting at A* define through the intersection-points of {BC',CB'} points on the Steiner outer-ellipse. Thus the line through A'A* defines a point lying simultaneously on the two curves.

Remark From the aforementioned reference follows also that the intersection point I of line-pair (BC,AS) is harmonic conjugate with respect to {B,C} to I* which is the intersection point of BC with line KG, K being the symmedian point and G the centroid of the triangle.

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